To them, Sherman’s devastating march through the South opened the way to the kind of warfare that culminated in World War II. Called total war, it goes beyond combat between opposing military forces to include attacks, both deliberate and indiscriminate, upon civilians and non-military targets.
What was General Sherman’s total war strategy?
The purpose of Sherman’s March to the Sea was to frighten Georgia’s civilian population into abandoning the Confederate cause. Sherman’s soldiers did not destroy any of the towns in their path, but they stole food and livestock and burned the houses and barns of people who tried to fight back.
What was General Sherman’s reason for total war?
Sherman’s March to the Sea marked a new development in the war. To this point, Union armies had generally avoided targeting civilians and their property other than slaves. Sherman had decided, though, that he had to crush the will of white Southern civilians if the Union were to bring the rebels to heel.
What is the idea of total war?
total war, military conflict in which the contenders are willing to make any sacrifice in lives and other resources to obtain a complete victory, as distinguished from limited war. … The most deadly conflicts have been fought on ideological grounds in revolutions and civil and religious wars.
How did the total war strategy contribute to the end of the war?
It boosted morale and revitalized the Confederacy’s fighting spirit. It caused Southern generals to adopt their own total war strategy. It resulted in the South’s immediate surrender and the end of the war.
Was Sherman’s total war justified?
Sherman’s march was justified because he was able to feed his troops while denying the enemy food and supplies. And even though this showed the hardness of war, it was done without physically harming civilians like Dolly Sumner Lunt.
How was total war used in the Civil War?
The American Civil War has been classified by some historians as a “total war.” Total war is defined as “a war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued.” The war was not only fought on distant battlefields in which soldiers remained widely …
How was total war used against the South?
It was either used in the fighting, ruined by the Union or lost as the monetary value placed on slaves. A quarter of the white men of military age in the Confederacy were killed, and nearly 4% of the south’s total population died in the war. … In the south at least, it earned the title of “total war.”
Why was World war Ia total war?
World War I is often referred to as the first “total war.” People at the time used this term to describe the size and devastation of the war. It helped them understand how the roles of soldiers and civilians became difficult to separate.
What was total war in ww2?
Total war, such as World War I and World War II, mobilizes all of the resources of society (industry, finance, labor, etc.) to fight the war. It also expands the targets of war to include any and all civilian-associated resources and infrastructure.
What are examples of total war?
The warfare conducted by ancient civilizations, such as Persia or Rome, and the modern warfare conducted by the Nazis during World War II are both good examples of total warfare.
Why was General Sherman’s strategy of total war effective?
Sherman effectively destroyed not only the economy of the South but the morale of Confederate forces. The Confederate army experienced mass desertions as soldiers rushed home to attend to devastated families and farms. 8 This is why total war is effective. It destroys the enemy’s resources on every front.
How did General Grant’s total war strategy?
Grant waged war year-round, recognizing that “total” war would cause, among other things, civilian discomfort and reduce the political will of the enemy. Under Grant, Union armies did not retire to winter quarters to refit and reorganize, and they would require their enemies to remain in the field against them.
What did Grant and Sherman’s strategy of total war target?
Grant, in his autobiography, explained that Sherman was to attack Gen. Joseph Johnston’s army in the South and capture Atlanta and the railroads, effectively cutting the Confederacy in two. … Sherman famously summed up their strategy: “We finally settled on a plan. He was to go for Lee, and I was to go for Joe Johnston.