Total War. Sherman’s “total war” in Georgia was brutal and destructive, but it did just what it was supposed to do: it hurt Southern morale, made it impossible for the Confederates to fight at full capacity and likely hastened the end of the war.
How did total war effect the South?
Sherman effectively destroyed not only the economy of the South but the morale of Confederate forces. The Confederate army experienced mass desertions as soldiers rushed home to attend to devastated families and farms. 8 This is why total war is effective. It destroys the enemy’s resources on every front.
How was the South affected by the Civil War?
The South was hardest hit during the Civil War. … Many of the railroads in the South had been destroyed. Farms and plantations were destroyed, and many southern cities were burned to the ground such as Atlanta, Georgia and Richmond, Virginia (the Confederacy’s capitol). The southern financial system was also ruined.
What was total war and how did it effect southern civilians?
The Confederacy mobilized large numbers of men into the army, leaving many White women and children to fend for themselves, many ultimately becoming widows or orphans by the war’s end. In the countryside, armies destroyed or appropriated property, seized food, burned fences, and turned houses into hospitals.
How was total war used against the South?
It was either used in the fighting, ruined by the Union or lost as the monetary value placed on slaves. A quarter of the white men of military age in the Confederacy were killed, and nearly 4% of the south’s total population died in the war. … In the south at least, it earned the title of “total war.”
How did the total war strategy contribute to the end of the war?
It boosted morale and revitalized the Confederacy’s fighting spirit. It caused Southern generals to adopt their own total war strategy. It resulted in the South’s immediate surrender and the end of the war.
What was the total war strategy?
Total war is a strategy in which militaries use any means necessary to win, including those considered morally or ethically wrong in the context of warfare. The goal is not only to decimate but to demoralize the enemy beyond recovery so that they are unable to continue fighting.
What strategies did the South use in the Civil War?
Their strategy was to take advantage of their compact geography, with internal lines of communication, their military heritage (Southerners had been disproportionately the officers of the United States Army), and their greater enthusiasm for their cause to wear down the Union will to wage war.
How were people affected in the Civil War?
The Civil War had a greater impact on American society and the polity than any other event in the country’s history. It was also the most traumatic experience endured by any generation of Americans. At least 620,000 soldiers lost their lives in the war, 2 percent of the American population in 1861.
What effects did the Civil War have on the North and South?
The Union’s industrial and economic capacity soared during the war as the North continued its rapid industrialization to suppress the rebellion. In the South, a smaller industrial base, fewer rail lines, and an agricultural economy based upon slave labor made mobilization of resources more difficult.
What was the significance of total war?
Total war, such as World War I and World War II, mobilizes all of the resources of society (industry, finance, labor, etc.) to fight the war. It also expands the targets of war to include any and all civilian-associated resources and infrastructure.
Why was total war important during the Civil War?
Although many of the Civil War’s participants conceptualized the conflict as a total war, they did so largely because the war demanded (at least for the South) that all of the nation’s resources be devoted to fighting the war.
What is meant by total war What did the Union army do during their campaign of total war?
What did the Union army do during their campaign of total war? “Total War” is destroying everything: food, homes, families, weapons.
Who implemented the total war strategy?
The modern concept of total war can be traced to the writings of the 19th-century Prussian military strategist Carl von Clausewitz, who denied that wars could be fought by laws.
What advantages did the Union army have over the Confederate army in Georgia?
What advantages did the Union Army have over the Confederate Army in Georgia? Sherman had a much larger fighting force. The Union Army was on the advance and stayed well supplied from looting. After a series of victories, Union morale was also high.
How did geography affect the outcome of the battle of Gettysburg?
Why was geography important to the outcome of the Battle of Gettysburg? Hills provided the Union forces with strong defensive positions that helped them win. … It showed that progress was being made in defeating the South, and it helped persuade Union voters to re-elect Lincoln as President.