Grant and Sherman used the strategy of total war to shorten the war in their favor, using the many deaths of enemies to save live on their side. We way never know if more would have died if they didn’t use the tactic, but in my opinion civilian lives were not theirs to take.
Why did Ulysses Grant adopt a total war strategy?
Under Grant, Union armies did not retire to winter quarters to refit and reorganize, and they would require their enemies to remain in the field against them. But total warfare was more a strategic than operational change. … Grant used maneuver in order to increase tempo as well as to place his forces.
How did the actions of Union Generals Grant and Sherman?
How did the actions of Union generals Grant and Sherman affect the outcome of the Civil War? They destroyed the South’s morale and captured its capital, forcing the South to surrender. … They lost so many soldiers that they had to stop fighting, forcing the Union to surrender.
Why is the civil war considered the first total war?
A quarter of the white men of military age in the Confederacy were killed, and nearly 4% of the south’s total population died in the war. It was not Clausewitz’s absolute war but it was a war in which the boundary of destruction was continually expanding. In the south at least, it earned the title of “total war.”
What is total war strategy?
Total war is a strategy in which militaries use any means necessary to win, including those considered morally or ethically wrong in the context of warfare. The goal is not only to decimate but to demoralize the enemy beyond recovery so that they are unable to continue fighting.
Why did Generals Grant and Sherman use a total war?
Grant and Sherman wanted to wage total war against the Confederacy to demoralize Southern civilians and force the South to surrender.
How did General Grant use total war?
Grant understood that in order to win, the Union would have to break Southerners’ will to fight. He ordered Sherman to destroy everything in his path. Later, it would be known as the first instance of “total war.”
What was Sherman’s strategy?
The purpose of Sherman’s March to the Sea was to frighten Georgia’s civilian population into abandoning the Confederate cause. Sherman’s soldiers did not destroy any of the towns in their path, but they stole food and livestock and burned the houses and barns of people who tried to fight back.
How did the total war strategy contribute to the end of the war?
It boosted morale and revitalized the Confederacy’s fighting spirit. It caused Southern generals to adopt their own total war strategy. It resulted in the South’s immediate surrender and the end of the war.
How did the actions of Sherman and Grant help bring the war to an end?
How did the actions of Sherman and Grant help bring the war to an end? Grant’s army pursued Lee’s 13,000 remaining troops,and blocked their escape. With Sherman’s army added to his own, Grant hoped to surround Lee without spreading Union forces so thin that the Confederates could break through and escape.
Why was total war used in the Civil War?
Although many of the Civil War’s participants conceptualized the conflict as a total war, they did so largely because the war demanded (at least for the South) that all of the nation’s resources be devoted to fighting the war.
What does total war mean in the Civil War?
total war, military conflict in which the contenders are willing to make any sacrifice in lives and other resources to obtain a complete victory, as distinguished from limited war. … The most deadly conflicts have been fought on ideological grounds in revolutions and civil and religious wars.
Why was the Civil War a Modern and total war?
Historians have described the Civil War as both a modern and a total war – modern for its use of technology, administrative efficiency, and public relations as tools of war, and total in its character as an all-consuming ideological crusade.
How was Sherman’s march an example of total war?
The operation broke the back of the Confederacy and helped lead to its eventual surrender. Sherman’s decision to operate deep within enemy territory and without supply lines is considered to be one of the major campaigns of the war, and is taught by some historians as an early example of modern warfare or total war.
Why was World War II considered a total war?
Total war, such as World War I and World War II, mobilizes all of the resources of society (industry, finance, labor, etc.) to fight the war. It also expands the targets of war to include any and all civilian-associated resources and infrastructure.
What is total war quizlet?
Total War is when the entire resources and population are mobilized towards the war effort,which takes priority over everything else. Further, Total War also involves prosecuting the war against the entire population of the enemy, not just against its military. … Conscription into the military for all countries involved.