The American Civil War has been classified by some historians as a “total war.” Total war is defined as “a war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved, or the objectives pursued.” The war was not only fought on distant battlefields in which soldiers remained widely …
Why was the Civil War total war?
Although many of the Civil War’s participants conceptualized the conflict as a total war, they did so largely because the war demanded (at least for the South) that all of the nation’s resources be devoted to fighting the war.
When did the Civil War become total war?
It is only fairly recently that the twentieth-century concept of “total war” has been applied to the Civil War. According to Mark E. Neely Jr., the term was first used in 1948 by John B. Walters in an article about Sherman for the Journal of Southern History and was quickly adopted by the famed Civil War historian T.
Why was the Civil War a Modern and total war?
Historians have described the Civil War as both a modern and a total war – modern for its use of technology, administrative efficiency, and public relations as tools of war, and total in its character as an all-consuming ideological crusade.
Where was total war used in the Civil War?
Another famous example of total war occurred during the American Civil War with Sherman’s March to the Sea. After successfully capturing Atlanta, Georgia, the Union Major General William T. Sherman marched his troops toward Savannah to the Atlantic Ocean.
Why was the Civil War not a total war?
Did the North wage a total war against the South? In the YES selection, Professor Mark E. Neely, Jr., denies that the Civil War was a total war because the Union leaders respected the distinction between combatants and non- combatants and did not fully mobilize the country’s economic resources.
Who came up with total war in Civil War?
Marszalek has expressed it, William T. Sherman was the “Inventor of Total Warfare.”20 “We are not only [End Page 443] fighting hostile armies, but a hostile people, and must make old and young, rich and poor, feel the hard hand of war, as well as their organized armies,” Sherman told Gen. Henry W.
Was total war necessary in the Civil War?
Historians have long debated whether the American Civil War was a “total war”—a war meant to be won at all costs. In effect, argues historian Stephen Engle, the Union leaders did wage “total war,” and the ensuing destruction demanded a reconstruction of considerable proportions by both the North and the South.
What are examples of total war during the Civil War?
Sherman’s march to the sea in the American Civil War – from November 15, 1864 through December 21, 1864 – is considered to be an example of total war, for which Sherman used the term hard war.
Why was WWII a total war?
Total war, such as World War I and World War II, mobilizes all of the resources of society (industry, finance, labor, etc.) to fight the war. It also expands the targets of war to include any and all civilian-associated resources and infrastructure.
Why did the Union use total war?
To speed the defeat of the Confederacy, Union forces needed to prevent Southern civilians from supplying their armies. The Northern military needed to wage war against both the Confederate military and Confederate civilians.
Why is the Civil War considered the first modern war quizlet?
Why is the Civil War considered the first “Modern War”? It was considered the first modern war because it was the first war after the industrial revolution. More technology was invented and modern weapons were used. It was the war that transformed our country.
Why could the Civil War be called the first modern war?
The Civil War is often called the first modern war. For the first time, mass armies confronted each other wielding weapons created by the industrial revolution. The resulting casualties dwarfed anything in the American experience. More than 600,000 men died, the equivalent in today’s population of 5 million.
Why was WWI considered the first total war?
World War I is often referred to as the first “total war.” People at the time used this term to describe the size and devastation of the war. It helped them understand how the roles of soldiers and civilians became difficult to separate.